Location: Madre de Dios
Area: 274,690 has
Attitudinal Range: 450_600 m
OBJECTIVES OF THE AREA -TAMBOPATA WILDLIFE
Protection of flora, fauna and ecological processes of a sample of the tropical rainforest.
Generate conservation processes with the population in the area of the reserve, in order to sustainably use resources–as–chestnut trees and landscape for recreation.
Contribute to sustainable development of the region and the country, from the knowledge of biodiversity and management of the various renewable natural resources.
DESCRIPTION – TAMBOPATA WILDLIFE
The Tambopata River has one of the highest levels of biodiversity in the world. With a multitude of habitats, and thus abundant species, the area is home to much of the Peruvian biodiversity.
Tambopata National Reserve located in the middle and lower part of the basin, close to the town of Puerto Maldonado, and its most common ecosystem are aguajales, marshes, riparian forests and bamboo groves, whose physical characteristics allow local people in the use of resources
Natural. Adjacent to Bahuaja Sonene, fully surrounding the south, forming with it a unit of important protection for the country, increased connectivity with the existing protected areas of the department (Communal Reserve and national parks Amarakaeri Alto Purus National Park and Manu) and in neighboring Bolivia, all belonging to the proposed biological corridor Vilca Amboró bamba.
The reserve habitats, mainly water, which are used as the whereabouts of more than 40 species of migratory birds transcontinental. In Tambopata important species as endangered as the giant otter, and endemic species of amphibians, birds, mammals and even trees like chestnut are protected.
The Reserve offers a privileged destination for tourism for biodiversity observation, especially wildlife, in its two main attractions, the lakes and watering holes, most notably the first lake Sandoval and the Colorado between the second lick, the largest known at home tambopata wildife
In the buffer zone are adjacent native communities Palma Real, Sonene and Hell, belonging to ethnolinguistic Ese’Eja group and the native community Kotsimba of ethno-linguistic group Puquirieri. Increasingly involved in the growing tourism related development, the National Reserve are an opportunity to improve their living conditions, maintaining the link with their ancestral territory.
HISTORY – TAMBOPATA WILDLIFE :The presence of man in the present area of the Reserve is calculated about 3-4000 years, successive occupations, with one in particular, in the fifteenth century by the Incas, the characteristics and consequences are unknown but undoubtedly introduced ethnic and cultural variations. The Spanish invasion, despite having entered the area, had little input in its development until the early twentieth century, when entrepreneurs rubber and recruit native killed or forcibly transferred large groups from other parts of the Amazon, to enslave. Pressured by these invasive raids, which followed the loggers, hunters, miners and chestnut, native peoples were forced to flee to less accessible areas, migrating, dispersing and regrouping countless times. Only in the 70s of last century, with the creation and legalization of the native communities were no longer threatened with extreme way of the tambopata wildlife
However, the aggressive state-sponsored colonization, migration producing successive gold rushes of 40 and 80 (which continues today), facilitated by the construction of the road from Cusco to Puerto Maldonado in the 60 and the Inter-Oceanic in the present, have made 50% of the inhabitants of the region are born out, and the other half the vast majority are children of migrants. This trend, far from being stopped going on the rise, posing a serious threat to the conservation objectives of the reserve, by giving iscounted displacement of native populations, the sustainable extractive character and nothing that feeds.
In 1990 the Tambopata Reserved Zone, which was created after the Tambopata National Reserve and increased the Bahuaja Sonene National Park is established. Even with a good level of participation of the state, conservation agencies and local people, the process of creating motivated some suspicion of native communities, who feared that their traditional access to natural resources was cut. With the passage of time, you begin to realize that this may be your only option to keep it.
FLORA – TAMBOPATA WILDLIFE :In the reserve there are different types of vegetation: On the plains of sedimentation are aguajales (Mauritia flexuosa), the bamboo groves, forests and gallery forests terraces. We have identified 17 plant associations by forest type and a total of 1 255 species of plants. Among those with commercial importance are: Mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla), cedar (Cedrela odorata), screw (Cedrelinga catenaeformis), kapok, Ceiba, Chorisia) shihuahuaco (Dipteryx alata), quinilla (Cinchona, shiringa (Hevea brasiliensis) and rubber (Castilla elastica). One study found 150 types of trees in a single hectare, giving a clear idea of the high biodiversity that is in the entire protected area of tambopata wildlife
Chestnut (Bertholletia excelsa) grows no floodplains of lowland Amazon. In Peru is located only on the eastern fringe of the department of Madre de Dios, covering 2.5 million ha (30% of its total area) and is the most important, with great impact on the local economy no commercial timber species. Valuable form part of the habitat of numerous species of mammals by providing a source of food and shelter for nesting raptors of the tambopata wildlife