BIRDS HUANCAVELICA EARTH IS HOT SPRINGS AND DANCERS OF SCISSORS AND BEAUTIFUL LANDSCAPES
- Huancavelica: Department
- Huancavelica: Province
- Location: 12 ° 47’06 ” S 74 ° 58’17 ” W / 12 785 , -74.97139
- Latitude: 12 ° 47’06 ” S
- Longitude: 74 ° 58’17 “W
- Altitude: 3 676 m
- Distance: 444 km from Lima Huancayo traveling 449 km from Lima
- Area: 514.10 [1 ] km ²
- Foundation on August 4, 1571 [2 ]
- Population 37,255 (2007 ) [3 ] Inhabitants
- Population Density 72.46 / km ²
To reach by road from Lima , there are two routes . One is through Huancayo, which can be reached by the Central road. The other route is longer and passes along the road Pisco Los Libertadores . IF you travel by bus , you should be aware that there is a ground terminal on this destination , but most transport companies concentrated around Plaza Santa Ana
Located 3,676 meters above sea level , was founded by the Spanish in 1571 under the name of Villa Rica de Oropesa , following the discovery of the mercury mine of Santa Barbara. During the Viceroyalty was the second ‘ most important mining site of America after Potosí in Bolivia today . This situation radically changed the fate of these lands once dominated by wari and chanca . He began to amass great fortunes in the area and it is from this period that belong to large mansions and colonial-style temples that adorn the main streets of the city, colorful crib Cathedral . In the province of Castrovirreyna , archaeological ruins Huaytará remains of nearly 1,200 different periods in twenty areas – are a fascinating and informative destination. You can not help but mention its spectacular folk events such as the colorful dance of the Negritos , the Girls, and pallas Mochis . As for cuisine , travelers will find a variety of dishes from the central Andean region , most notably tripe broth , Patasca Pachamanca and suck pumpkin and classic style calientitos to Huancavelica , to shelter the cold in the Andean night to the sound of a guitar and the voices of their huaynos . Browse their people is perhaps the best experience that this area has to offer. Since there is a mass tourism destination , provides the opportunity for greater interaction with its inhabitants through experiential tourism : learning their customs and participate in rural activities , for example, in growing panllevar as livestock. and rituals that accompany them. Modernity, tradition , identity, nature and earthy beat of the Andes in Huancavelica converge to give visitors an unforgettable experience in one of the oldest cities of Peru trip.
SQUARE CITY HUANCAVELICA:
Maintains colonial arrangement with the Cathedral , the Prefecture and the Palace of Justice, typical Spanish foundational schema. The main square has the old two-story town hall , famous for their portals. There is also the chapel of the Virgin of Sorrows and the old movie theater. In the middle, there is a octagonal shaped pool , built with granite stones, and two sources representing Indian and faces whose mouths water goes .
COLONIAL BRIDGE OF ASCENSION:
Located in the shred Tambo de Mora, this bridge has four centuries. It was built on the edge of downtown with the district of Huancavelica Ascension. The beautiful monument retains its original ornamental style, with two rails that frame , resting in an area of massive stone .
LA MERCED CHURCH:
If you are interested in churches and their history . , Please visit the Iglesia La Merced. It was declared a National Historic Landmark since there the Constituent Congress of General Gamarra was installed. Their address is: 100 Royal Street .
CATHEDRAL CHURCH OF SAN ANTONIO:
Facing the Plaza de Armas , the Cathedral is the main church of Huancavelica. It was built between the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries the Baroque style , with its high altar bathed in gold . It has a very unique façade , covered with reddish stones brought from the Near Puka Rumi. Inside are layers of silver and valuable paintings from the Cusco School and Huamanga .
SAN SEBASTIAN TEMPLE:
‘s Located at the Plaza Bolognesi . It has a neoclassical facade of the eighteenth century. Their altars are carved wood covered in gold leaf , like the roof of the right wing . In a small altar , is the Lord of Arrest . It is visited by his followers during the Easter festivities .
CHURCH AND CONVENT OF SAN FRANCISCO:
It is located in Plaza Bolognesi . It has a style that mixes different trends , both Spanish and locally sourced . It was built in the eighteenth century. Inside can be seen carved wooden altarpieces and plated with gold , among which that of San Francisco , which takes its name. According to popular legend of the headless father , that the spirit of a priest who hanged himself in the convent appears some nights to ring the bells of the Church. Colorful scissors dance is performed in the atrium during the Christmas holidays and Bajada de Reyes
TEMPLE OF SANTA ANA IN BIRDS HUANCAVELICA:
It was the first church in town flagpole . It is located in the Plaza Ramón Castilla and preserved colonial baroque altars . In them, you can appreciate works of the disciples of famous European painter El Greco, and colorful ornamental purposes , as the combination of floral subjects.
TEMPLE OF SANTO DOMINGO:
Located in the plaza of the same name , belongs to the early days of the Viceroyalty , the same as most churches and temples huancavelicanos . In the temple of Santo Domingo, the faithful worship both Virgin Rosarlo as Santo Domingo, whose images were brought from Italy. Ancient stories tell that the cloister through secret passages communicated with the temple of San Francisco. If you go in January , you can see the traditional dance of the Negritos to be held in the atrium .
HOT SPRINGS POOL OF DISTRICT OF SAN CRISTOBAL:
Visited by its healing properties, the thermal waters of San Cristobal are also recreation center amenities . The place has a pool for Olympic competitions , besides having other adults and children. Custodian has the statue of a dancing scissors . Address: Avenue April 28, Barrio de San Cristobal.
CHRIST CHURCH OF ST IN BIRDS HUANCAVELICA:
Located on the highest point of the district of the same name, the Church also has a baroque style . Apart from its historical and tourism value , has beautiful paintings called Cusco School and murals decorated with motifs from the eighteenth century Huancavelica . One of the festivals that are celebrated here is the Child Emmanuel , which takes place during the first days of February.
With its stone houses built almost four thousand feet , is Sacsamarca , whose name derives from the Quechua words saksay and marka , meaning ” hospitable and cheerful people.” It has many attractions for the traveler, as Qayara Puya Raimondi in Kuchu . The Calvarlo hill is the guardian of the people and Disparate river running through it. Its landscape consists of high mountains and nature trails. It is just 4 km southwest of the city of Huancavelica, arrive promptly 45 min walk or 10 min by car .
MINE DEATH SANTA BARBARA:
Legendary exploited mining center during the time of the Viceroyalty , was the source of extraction of mercury or quicksilver screed bigger. Due to Inhumane conditions in which they worked , it was considered the ” Mine of Death” . Spain had much interest in this area, as mercury was a necessary mineral in the metallurgical process of purifying silver, why , Huancavelica neighboring towns were almost alone in terms of the activities of Santa Barbara. To get there, go 6 km that separate city velica Huanca , about an hour walk or 15 min by car .
This immense mirror in the middle of snow-covered mountains , is the largest lagoon in Huancavelica. It is located 4,600 meters above sea level It is ideal for boating, trout fishing or watching wild ducks. It offers the opportunity to enjoy the company of vicuña and alpaca approaching the shores in search of food . To access this location, it must travel 68 km from the city to the community Choclococha , then make a 10 min trip by bus to the town of Santa Ines and continue the path 15 min.
PRODUCTION AND RESEARCH CENTER OF SOUTH CAMELIDS:
Located in Tucumachay Gulch , near the snowy San Andrés , nearly 5,000 meters above sea level and is only 19 km from the city of Huancavelica or 45 min by bus . It has all the varieties of Andean and South American camelids ( vicuña ,lamas , alpacas and guanacos ) . It is administered by the National University of Huancavelica in collaboration with specialized institutes . Hopefully , you can see condors flying over the area .
Le owes its name to a beautiful bridge of lime derived from the Quechua words Izcuchaca ( bridge). The place has thermal springs located in the towns of Paucari , Huaspu and Aguas Calientes. In the vicinity, you can see remains that confirm the presence of people in the pre Inca times . The bridge, also known as ” bridge Mantaro ” has a station in the path of the beloved “male train ” which connects Huancayo to Huancavelica. It is 78 km north of the latter , a 2 hour journey by dirt road .
Known as the ” Sanctuary of Love seqsa – chaca is a Quechua word meaning ” crooked bridge. ” Is also known as” Villa Cariño . ” In an area of about four acres , is located on the Left Bank bunch grass . a series of geological formations are volcanic caves. , There are also two hot springs ( the Bath of the Inca and the Three Boas ) . Its tourist infrastructure is friendly to the environment , because it respects the geology of the area .
ARCHAEOLOGICAL COMPLEX Uchkus Inkañan:
A 26 km from the city is the center. Ceremonial , administrative and astronomical observations dating back to a period prior to the Incas. On a platform , is the remainder of the water bodies , whose function was to reflect the movements of the Sun and Moon . They also highlight a miniature platform , which proves that it was also a center of agricultural experimentation.
Its peak reaches 5085 m and the area is perfect for adventure sports such as mountaineering and trekking. In the surroundings , you can see a variety of flora and Incredible mountain fauna typical of the range. It is located 64 km from Huancavelica and 3 km from the beautiful lagoon Pultocc ( probably an extinct volcano crater ) , known , among other things, the famous rainbow trout .
EL TREN MACHO IN BIRDS HUANCAVELICA:
Way you will know the train that connects Huancayo to Huancavelica, because ” when I wanted and came out when he could .” Beyond the irregularity of his travels, he has become an icon of the area by the beautiful scenery that can be seen in transit. Along the way, passing through the thermal baths of Aguas Calientes and colonial Izcuchaca bridge . Characteristically terminals sellers find potato with cheese or corn and cheese , snacks characteristic of the mountains, and biscuits and fizzy drinks to waiting passengers . The male train is being remodeled and, for now , is inoperative Recognized as Cultural Patrimony of the Nation , for many, the scissors dance is an impressive full color and dexterity artistic display , . , But to the inhabitants of the region Andean center is primarily a ritual.
BIRDS HUANCAVELICA TRADITION:
The origin of this dance goes back to colonial times . Some say that the resistance movement emerged in Taki Oncoy ( Singing disease ) against the cultural domination and assimilation of Spanish customs and beliefs . It says that the Temples gave them strength to the followers of this movement to sing and dance. Others claim that in the sixteenth century and the descendants of the Chanca , indigenous people of Huancavelica , Ayacucho and Apurimac , took advantage of Good Friday , the day that the Christian God does not see what happens in the world , to celebrate. That day , his Andean divinities , in alliance with the devil, the dancers granted supernatural powers , giving them the opportunity to perform superhuman fates as those performed during the dance . Because of this alliance as it was originally known supay wasi Tušak or dance the devil’s house . ” Beyond what theory is taken as true, it is Important to highlight that this is a mestizo ritual. It is a cultural expression where is , choreography , representing the spirits of the gods prehispáni.cos region . , and that is atavistic religious – ritualistic character .
Dansaq also known as ‘or’ gala , trained from young to play the role of mediators between the gods and men. As mentioned , during the colonial period were believed to have links with the devil , which had enabled them to perform such feats of flexibility and fakirs . This belief caused them to be persecuted by the extirpation of idolatries campaign conducted by the Inquisition. Among the skills that a person should have to be dansaq ‘ physical strength is needed to support the comprehensive performing acrobatic routines . They also receive spiritual training , in which they perform rituals in comendándose the apus , and are taught to read the coca leaves . Upon completion of the learning process , they go through . An initiation ceremony that takes place during Easter. Scenario is taken as a sacred place, which may be a hill or a lake, for learners to show their teachers the skills acquired . When you run the ball you can not miss them scissors in the right hand . These are two independent steel sheets having a ring on one end that simulate superimposed scissors. The longest is 26 inches and is called ” male”, weighs a pound and is issuing the deeper sound , the ” female” of 24 inches , is always perched on the male. These instruments , as they also go through rituals. When male ” , he bathed in the blood of animal or is covered with grease east. ” Female “is subject to the winds of the plains and dive in brandy is in the middle of a lake or taste
Onsite flashy clothes of the dancers. In the head, will overburden representing the dominant position of the condor. The illpuy red handkerchief tied around his neck to Prevent dancer forces from escaping. About the white suit , wearing a poncho with embroidery apu which instructs the dancer . In the hand , carries a red cloth scarf in keeping land in square dancing . Spells to prevent
DANCE OF SCISSORS:
Takes place in religious celebrations and employers are celebrated in the central and southern highlands of the Andes. Traditionally, in the dance from April to December just in the dry season and the start of the rainy season , very important dates for agricultural villages: Be performed skills in participating composite crews , each for a dancer , a violinist and a harpist who the beat of different tunes face in a competition known as hapinakuy , as it is called in these lands. The challenge is to propose increasingly difficult movements in order to prove their superiority . Contendorla on scissors dance follows a sequence which varies according to the music and be progressively increases the risk of the dance steps . These spectacular reach their maximum during the test and . Pasta . In testing the dancer displays his acrobatic flexibility through movement at the time of executing the pastas, the dancer enters a trance also lets you perform incredible magic resistance tests or pain. Among them, this swords introducing your esophagus or a violin hanging his tongue through a thread. Even ‘ made to appear ‘ toads or eat live snakes . .