CUSCO THE NAVEL OF THE WORLD – CITY ARQUEOLOGICA
- Cuzco Department
- Cuzco Province
- Location March 1 ° 31’31 ” S 71 ° 58’09 ” W / -13.52528 , -71.96917
- Latitude 13 ° 30’S
- Longitude 71 ° 58’W
- Altitude 3,399 m
- Distance Lima -Arequipa- Cusco Cusco 1,650 km to 384 km
- Foundation March 23, 1534 Spanish foundation
- Population 4 800 Inhabitants
- Area 70,015.3 km ²
BIRDS CUSCO: ACCESS ROUTES.-
If traveling by car, you can follow the Lima- Nazca – Puquio -Abancay -Cusco route. A total of 1,131 km, which go over twenty hours. You can also opt for a longer route , but you can go through Arequipa ( Arequipa -Cusco – Lima ) are 1,650 km in about 26 hours . If traveling by air, there are regular flights from Lima it takes only one hour. Whether parts from Arequipa, you only take thirty minutes to get to Cusco. If you’re in Puno , you can take the train that will travel 384 miles in ten hours.
BIRDS CUSCO CITY
Considered a World Heritage Site by Unesco , in Cusco, beautiful city located at 3,400 m , converge tradition and modernity. Located in the valley of the river Huatanay , the history of the city dates back to the eleventh century , the Inca foundation in fulfillment of the mandate of the Inca sun god Two legends attribute its foundation to its first head of state , a legendary character named Manco Capacc in both states that the place was revealed by the sun god Inti founders , after a pilgrimage to the south of the Sacred Valley . Se. Believes was once when Pachacutec Inca Cusco achieved its peak and the original layout of the city as a puma, with the central square in the position to occupy the chest was designed. Around him were the most Important , especially the palaces of some Inca buildings. Each palace occupied a vast territory , usually a block or ” pitch.” There also dwelt the Inca panaca his family . The cat’s head would be located on the hill where the fortress of Sacsayhuaman is located. A few blocks from the Plaza de Armas, is the archbishop’s palace , where the famous stone of twelve angles. Sacsayhuaman is located very close to the city of Cusco can walk there a massive and fascinating staging for the celebration of Inti Raymi at the winter solstice takes place . Surrounded by the current of the Urubamba, Vilcanota and Apurimac rivers by Ausangate ( 6,384 m) and Salkantay ( 6,271 masl) , the city is the starting point to get to Machu Picchu and the Sacred Valley
It was originally called Hauqaypata , ie instead of warrior the first foundation was conducted by the Incas in the xl century or so , then with the arrival of the Spanish the second foundation , shows that presence was made is the architecture of the perimeter, as cathedral , the Church of Jesus countryside , archery portals and mansions of colonial style , the main square is the nerve center of the area , considering a historical place , considering their seniority numbers events that happened to throughout its existence prehispanic colonial or republican its current design is constantly changing due to tourism.
A few blocks from the main square we find one of the most picturesque places in Samblas formerly known as Toqocachi meaning hollow of salt today is an integrated center of the city due to urban growth cusco neighborhood was always known as the artisans’ district with its typical narrow and curvy streets , the neighborhood is now full of bars, comfortable accommodations and appreciations crafts and clothing shops with special details
In Piazza Samblas is the church that is believed to have been built on an Incan shrine dedicated to the worship called LLAPA or lightning god in the temple is a beautiful pulpit carved from a single piece of wood , considered as the highest expression of the colonial era. The church is reached by following the slope of the street Hatun Samblas Rumiyuc.
QORIKANCHA O TEMPLE AND CONVENT OF SANTO DOMINGO
The Koricancha was one of the most important buildings of Cusco. The front wall was a beautiful fully decorated in gold. In its interior , the walls were covered with sheets of this metal, as it was the main temple of the god Sol On this the Spaniards built the Convent of Santo Domingo 11633 ) . This large church has a beautiful dome , a beautiful carved wood chairs cedar . In addition , the walls are adorned with Sevillian tiles . It is located on the corner of Avenida El Sol and Calle Santo Domingo. Visits: Monday to Saturday from 08:30 h to 17:30 h .
TEMPLE DE LA MERCED
Also called Minor Basilica of La Merced, dating from the sixteenth century, but the same as the other buildings of that era , has been rebuilt several times due to earthquakes. It works as a temple , monastery , museum and has colonial paintings. In its interior , you can see a custodial gold and precious stones in 22 kilos in weight and 130 cm tall. The festivities of the Virgen de la Merced held on September 24 , when your image goes in procession through the streets . Its corridors of Baroque and Renaissance make it particularly attractive and colonial paintings and wood carvings.
This church , guarded by a single tower and two covers , is made of stone. It housed the Franciscan congregation since coming to Cusco in the early years of the conquest and settled in the current area of San Blas , then the square of the Nazarene , then in the Plaza de Armas , and finally in its current location : Plaza San Francisco. His museum covers two floors of the second cloister , which is the largest and one of the most Interesting of Cusco. One of his relics is a large canvas of IDO square meters : the genealogical tree of the Franciscan family , by Juan Espinosa de los Monteros , dated 1699. In the main hall, The late man or final judgment, recognized crowning work of Diego Quispe Tito admires . The tour lasts about an hour and the museum offers guided tours. Address: Plaza San Francisco s / n. Hours: Monday to Saturday from 9am to 17 h .
COLUMBIAN ART MUSEUM
This museum is located in the square of the Nazarene , one block from the Plaza de Armas. The place syncretizes Inca architecture in harmony with added elements such as balconies overlooking the Republicans interior patio. In the exhibition , you can see a large collection of ceramics and gold jewelry ancient cultures of Peru ; their teaching rooms allow know three thousand years of the archaeological splendor of our country, as have relics of Nazca , Mochica , Wari, Chimu , Chancay and Inca. The works of the Pre-Columbian Art Museum come mainly from the Larco Museum in Lima. Address: 231 square Nazarene .
ARCHAEOLOGICAL SET SACSAYHUAMAN
Located 2 km northeast of the city of Cusco is Sacsayhuaman. Presumably that was the most important ceremonial site of the upper classes. This construction , full of passageways , mazes , towers , fountains , slides or slides and esplanades, construction began during the rule of Pachacuti , in the fifteenth century. However, it was Huayna Capac, who gave the final touch in the sixteenth century , achieving a perfect fit between the monumental stones of up to one hundred tons. From the fortress , a panoramic view of the environment , which includes the city of Cusco is observed. Every June 24 is performed again evoking the agricultural year or Inti Raymi , a tourist attraction well known worldwide.
ARCHAEOLOGICAL COMPLEX QENQO
Located 3 km from the city, is what was a ceremonial center : Kenko, whose name means ” maze ” . It has an amphitheater with many niches and income in the form of labyrinth to the underground galleries . The canals, the amphitheater , the living sacrifices are mysterious and radiate that energy and mystique of Cusco and its ancient deities. You can get a horse like adventure for the Intrepid traveler.
Located 7 km to the northeast of Cusco and 3,700 meters , there is an archaeological complex, known as the Baths of the Inca. It was an important center of worship , where the regeneration of the earth was worshiped. It consists of walls , windows and channels ending in a slope from which emanates clear water. Tambomachay is a viewpoint and incorporates the ability to sample the Incas constructions engineers to harmonize with the landscape of the valley. Even today , you can see the channels that carry spring water brought from remote places , running.
Snowy Qoyllur Riti , located in the district of Ocongate , is the scene of one of the most traditional pilgrimages of Peru . For several days in June , and across a rugged terrain , Apu Wamani worship is performed. At the entrance to the vast expanse of Sinakhara , mountain situated at 4,600 meters above sea level , the crowd stops to wash in the waters that come down , thanks to the melting of snow . The pilgrimage to the sanctuary is full color and is accompanied by notes of musicians and colorful traditional dancers. The ukukus , people dressed as bears, put the order in the party between those who ascend to the summit of snow and then start the way back
Cusco is not only archeology, history and nightlife : lovers of extreme sports there are one of the most diverse places in terms of deals that guarantee high adrenaline activities . It is a place where emotion is the order of the day. From a sympathetic riding , climbing up the steep peaks of the Salkantay or Ausangate glaciers, through the inevitable path of the Inca Trail or Qhapac Yum , the possibilities are many , as you can rent bicycles or motorbikes to reach places more distant . Boating is also practiced in the Urubamba and Apurimac Canyon
The Feast of the Sun or Inti Raymi was the ancient religious ceremony on the south and center in many Andean pre-Hispanic peoples during Inca times this celebration was probably the most important as the story of Cusco Inca Garcilaso de la Vega lasted 15 days in the which many dances and sacrifices were made in 1572 Viceroy Francisco Toledo was banned by considered a ceremony but continued to perform and clandestinely during Inca times , the winter solstice was of crucial importance , as it was the starting point for the new year that was associated with the origins of the Inca ethnic group . for them all June 24 is celebrated this great tribute to the sun god Inti Raymi currently being held in an allegorical way with that identity was lost neck but it gradually changed naturally over time the splendor of sunset scene as participation of local and foreign workers. since 1944 the massive representation starts against the Koricancha Inca where the invoking the Taita Inti meantime viewers expect on the esplanade of Sacsayhuaman toward the procession made up of groups representing people of the four regions are then moved , this enters the stage wearing the Inca in his bunk after was the sacrifice of a llama or alpaca to give an offering to the sun god and nature, all of these steps of the ceremony jealously respected and repeated the Inti Raymi rigorously is an unexpected part of the life of Cusco is the main event of the city and is a show that the traveler can not miss .