DETAILED ITINERARY - AMAZON BIRDS
Amazon Field Rainforest bird to Manu Road / Machu Picchu 10 days:
Birds Day 1: Cusco to Wayquecha – Amazon Field:
We will start birding near Cusco at Huacarpay Lake, which offers a great opportunity to see the bearded mountainer, cinnamon teal, plumbeous rail, streak-fronted thornbird, among other birds. After we will continue to Manu Road where we will make several stop to see important birds.
Birds Day 2: Wayquecha to Cock of the Rock Lodge – Amazon Field:
Today, we will start birding early in the morning near Wayquecha and Manu Road, which provides chances to see big mixed flocks of tanagers, flycatchers, hummingbirds, finches, toucans, and others, such as Grass-green Tanager, Golden-collared Tanager, White-throated Tyrannulet, Gray-breasted Mountain Toucan, and Rufous-capped Thornbill. After birding, we will return to the lodge for breakfast, and then we will continue for a full day of roadside birding. Today we will have good opportunities to see the Golden-headed Quetzal, White-collared Jay, Red and White Antpitta, Black and Chestnut Eagle, until we arrive at the Cock of the Rock Lodge.
Birds Day 3: Cock of the Rock Lodge – Amazon Field:
Today, early in the morning, we will visit the Cock of the Rock Lodge lick, where will see the dance of some male birds. Then we will return to the lodge for breakfast and continue for a full day of roadside birding, looking for birds such as the Andean Cock of the Rock, Black Streak Puffbird, Crested Quetzal, golden tanager, Saffron-crowned tanager, Slaty Gnateater, and many others birds in the cloud forest.
Birds Day 4: Cock of the Rock Lodge to Amazonia Lodge – Amazon Field
Today, we will eat breakfast very early and then continue birding along the route, where we will have chances to see the Black-backed Tody Flycatcher, Peruvian Piedtail, Amazonian Umbrella Bird, Ornate Flycatcher, Cusco Warbler, Solitary Eagle, and many other lowland birds.
Birds Day 5: Full day birding Amazonia lodge – Amazon Field:
We will walk a good trail for birding around the lodge and little tower at the foothill forest where we can find Plum-throated Cotinga and red-billed Tyrannulet. Then we will return to the lodge to see many hummingbirds, Rufous-crested Coquette, Golden-tailed Sapphire, White-necked Jacobin, Long-billed Starthroat, Violet-headed Hummingbird, Fine-barred Piculet, Scarlet-hooded Barbet, Amazonian Antpitta, and many other birds
Birds Day 6: Amazonia Lodge to Ollantaytambo – Amazon Field:
Early in the morning, we will begin birding the same trails before returning to Ollantaytambo. We can see the Band-tailed Manakin, White line Antbird, Goeldi´sAntbird, Bamboo Antshrike, Blue-crowned Trogon, and many more birds. Then we will return to the lodge to pick up our suitcases, return to Atalaya, and then travel to Ollantaytambo
Birds Day 7: Ollantaytambo and Abra Malaga – Amazon Field:
Today, we will leave our hotel early to travel to Abra Malaga for roadside birding. We will start in the cloud forest, where we can see birds such as the Chusquea Bamboo, Marcapata Spinetail, Cusco Brush Finch, Parodi´s Hemispingus, Inca Wren, unstreaked Tit Tyrant, Puna Thistletail, Scarlet-bellied Tanager, and many other birds. After birding, we will return to our hotel in Ollantaytambo.
Birds Day 8: Ollantaytambo, Abra Malaga and Machupicchu – Amazon Field:
Today we will begin birding again in Abra Malaga, at an altitude of 4,316 masl, a good elevation to see special birds, such as Royal Cinclodes, Puna Tapaculo, Ash-breasted tit tyrant, Giant connebill, White-browed tit spinetail, Andean Hillstar, sierra finches, hummingbirds, and gound tyrants. After birding, we will will go back to the train station in Ollantaytambo. From here, we will take a train to Aguas Calientes, a town near Machu Picchu, where we will stay in a hotel.
Birds Day 9: Aguas Calientes – Machu Picchu Tours – Amazon Field:
Today, after breakfast at the hotel, we will begin birding in Mandor, a very good place to see the Masked Fruit Eater, Ocellated Piculet, Green and white hummingbirds, Pale-legged Warbler, Golden-napped Tanager, Sclater´s Tyrannulet, among other birds. After birding we will return to Aguas Calientes for lunch and relax in the afternoon in Aguas Calientes. We will spend the night in a hotel in Aguas Calientes.
Birds Day 10: Aguas Calientes and Machu Picchu Tours – Amazon Field:
Today after breakfast we will visit Machu Picchu, where we will learn about Inca history and see a spectacular view for photography. After exploring all of Machu Picchu, we will go back to Aguas Calientes and then take the train to Cusco.
End of the services of Amazon Birds - Amazon Field Rainforest bird to Manu Road / Machu Picchu 10 days
INCLUDED IN THE AMAZON FIELD
- Transportation by bus and boat
- Hotel or lodge
- 3 meals per day
- Mineral water
- Bird list
- Specialist birding guide
NOT INCLUDED IN THE AMAZON FIELD
- Rain poncho
- Insect repellent
- Flight tickets, train tickets, and tickets visit to Machu Picchu
- Extra drinks , beer wine, juice , or soda
- Rubber boots
- Sun block
RECOMMENDED TO BRING TO AMAZON FIELD:
- Binoculars , camera
- Dark clothes for birding these details.
- Extra clothes, sandals, shirts, pants, jacket.
- Long-sleeve shirt, umbrella , rain jacket, small backpack, hat , sun block , insect repellent
PHOTO GALLERY OF THE TOUR - Amazon Field Rainforest bird to Manu Road / Machu Picchu 10 days
LARGE FOREST TINAMOUS AMAZON BIRDS PERU
Tinamous are terrestrial and cryptically colored. Superficially resemble tailless quail but usually forage singly or as adult (male) with 1 or 2 juveniles. Heard much more often than are seen. Prefer to escape on foot; when flushed, explosively rocket away before dropping quickly into cover. Tinamus roost in trees, all other species on the ground. Forest species primarily eat fallen fruit. Nest on the ground; eggs are glazed and usually some shade of blue, olive, or purplish brown. All species on plate are large tinamous of humid forest interior.
AMAZON BIRS : BLACK TINAMOU :Tinamus osgoodi * 40–46 cm (15⁄4–18 in) Poorly known. Rare to locally fairly common in humid montane forest, 900–1650 m, on east slope 1 3 of southern Andes. Large, very dark; note restricted distribution. Gray Tinamou is larger and paler with white freckling on sides of head and throat; elevation range of Gray also does not extend as high.
VOICE Song, generally crepuscular, a descending deep whistle, similar to first note of song of
White-throated Tinamou. Co, E
AMAZON BIRDS : GRAY TINAMOU :Tinamus tao * 43–46 cm (17–18 in) Uncommon but widespread, mainly in humid montane forest along east slope of Andes up to 1400 m; 2 locally in terra firme of Amazonia in southeast, especially in hilly terrain. Distinctive combination of large size, blackish head with white freckling behind eyes and on throat, and grayish overall plumage. In south cf. Black Tinamou.
VOICE Song, generally crepuscular and given at long intervals, is a low, even “whoo.” Also a single quavering whistle similar to that of Great Tinamou, but not in a series. Co, E, Br, Bo
AMAZON BIRDS : GREAT TINAMOU :Tinamus major * 38–43 cm (15–17 in) Fairly common throughout Amazonia and (perhaps in the absence of other Tinamus) locally in 3 foothills to 800 m; the most widespread large forest tinamou. Primarily in low-lying, seasonally flooded forest (including varzea in north); also in tall second growth. Note large size, distinctly rufescent head, and unspotted upperparts. Replaced by White-throated Tinamou in terra firme.
VOICE Song, generally crepuscular, a series of rising then falling, quavering whistles, normally in
series of 4. Has “sawing” rhythm. Co, E, Br, Bo
AMAZON BIRDS : WHITE-THROATED TINAMOU :Tinamus guttatus 33–36 cm (13–14 in) Fairly common and widespread in eastern lowlands, also locally to 1100 m; the characteristic large 4 tinamou of terra firme, which it shares with the smaller Variegated Tinamou. Less numerous along edges of seasonally flooded forest. Distinguished from other lowland tinamous by large size and conspicuous buff spotting on back and wing coverts.
VOICE Song is 2 notes with about a 1- to 2-sec pause between: “whooooooo… hoo,” the first note often dipping in pitch, the second barely rising. Co, E, Br, Bo
AMAZON BIRS : HIGHLAND TINAMOU : Nothocercus bonapartei * 35.5–38 cm (14–15 in) Rare to uncommon, in humid montane forest, 1800–2100 m, on east slope of Andes north and west 5
of the Marañón. Overlaps with few other species: Tawny-breasted Tinamou is found at higher elevations; also note differences in crown and throat color.
VOICE Song, usually given in the morning, is a series of rising yelps: “B’yirr!” Co, E
AMAZON BIRS : TAWNY-BREASTED TINAMOU : Nothocercus julius 35.5–38 cm (14–15 in) Poorly known and perhaps local (or overlooked?). Found in humid montane forest on east slope of 6 Andes at 2500–3000 m; the only forest tinamou of these elevations. Also note reddish crown and white throat.
VOICE Song a long series of burry, slightly descending “brreew” notes, closely spaced. Co, E 7
AMAZON BIRS : HOODED TINAMOU : Nothocercus nigrocapillus * 33 cm (13 in) Fairly common in humid montane forest along east slope of Andes, 1300–2500 m (locally to 3200 m), south of range of Highland Tinamou. May concentrate in areas where bamboo (Chusquea) is seeding, when may become quite vocal. Northern cadwaladeri (Amazonas and San Martín) more reddish than central and southern nigrocapillus. Similar to Tawny-breasted Tinamou of higher elevations, but note differences in crown and throat color. Cf. other terrestrial forest species (Brown Tinamou, Rufous-breasted and Stripe-faced Wood-Quail, and White-throated Quail-Dove), all of which are smaller.
VOICE Song a series of burry, rising-falling “brreew” or “bwow” notes, averaging about 1 note per 10 sec.
WIDESPREAD CRYPTURELLUS TINAMOUS AMAZON BIRDS PERU
Crypturellus are small to medium-sized tinamous; species on this plate occupy humid forest or forest edges in eastern Peru.
AMAZON BIRDS : CINEREOUS TINAMOU : Crypturellus cinereus 30–30.5 cm (11 ⁄4 –12 in)
Common and widespread, locally up to 1000 m, in dense understory of low-lying forest, such as
1 3 seasonally flooded forest and edges of swampy forest; also seasonally on larger river islands in north. Darkest, most uniformly colored medium-sized tinamou of Amazonia.
VOICE Song an even, clear whistle, repeated at regular intervals of 5 sec or more. Easily imitated; characteristic sound of riverine Amazonia. Co, E, Br, Bo
AMAZON BIRDS : LITTLE TINAMOU : Crypturellus soui * 21.5–23 cm (8 ⁄2 –9 in) Fairly common and widespread in east, up to 1350 m, in forest (especially near rivers and streams) 2 1 and tall second growth; prefers dense undergrowth. Also rare in evergreen forest in Tumbes below 750 m. Plumage variable. Females generally brighter than males. Most richly colored are female nigriceps (north of the Amazon, also south of Marañón in San Martín). Male nigriceps, and both sexes of inconspicuus (rest of Amazonia) and harterti (Tumbes), are drabber. Note small size, unpatterned upperparts.
VOICE Song, generally crepuscular, a series of quavering whistles raising in pitch and accelerating in pace. Daytime call a single quavering note rising and then quickly dropping in pitch: “heeEE’E’u’u’u’u’u’u.” Reminiscent of Great Tinamou but slightly higher pitched, and song phrases
never in pairs. Also a clear rising whistle. Co, E, Br, Bo
AMAZON BIRDS : BROWN TINAMOU : Crypturellus obsoletus * 25.5 cm (10 in) Fairly common in humid montane forest along east slope of Andes, 900–2500 m, usually in dense 3 understory. Also very local at lower elevations in central and southern Peru, especially in hilly terrain. Geographic variation and taxonomy not well understood. Andean populations generally darker, more richly colored; populations at lower elevations paler and buffier. Similar to Little Tinamou, but primarily Andean (not Amazonian); also larger with gray throat. See also Hooded
VOICE Song a long series of ringing phrases rising in pitch and accelerating in pace until near the end, when voice “cracks” and notes become cleaner whistles: “Prr… prr… prr prr prr, prr, prr-prr-prr-prr’prr’pi’pi’pi?” Daytime call, similar in quality to song, is a shorter phrase of rising notes: “Prrrr, prr-prree?” Voice in San Martín clearer, less strident. Co, E, Br, Bo
AMAZON BIRDS : UNDULATED TINAMOU : Crypturellus undulatus * 25.5–26.5 cm (10–10 ⁄2 in) Common in floodplain forest (including edges of varzea); also regularly in second growth and forest 4
edge with dense understory near low-lying forest, and seasonally (mainly Aug–Mar) on river islands in north. Geographically variable: relatively plain in northern and central Peru (yapura) but
regularly barred in southeast (undulatus).
VOICE Song, often given throughout day, is 3 or 4 deep, whistled notes, the last rising: “whooo… whoo-whoo?” (or “com-pra pan?”). Characteristic sound of riverine Amazonia. Co, E, Br, Bo
AMAZON BIRDS :VARIEGATED TINAMOU : Crypturellus variegatus 25.5–26.5 cm (10–10 ⁄2 in) Fairly common and widespread, locally up to 950 m. The characteristic small tinamou of terra firme 5 (compare to larger White-throated Tinamou). Richly colored, with strongly barred upperparts. Distinguished from brighter examples of Bartlett’s Tinamou by black crown and sides of head, stronger barring, slightly larger size, and longer bill. Bartlett’s also is more prevalent in low-lying forest.
VOICE Song, often given throughout day, but most often at dusk, long, clear whistle followed
by a long pause, then a rising and accelerating series of quavering whistles: “whooooo….. whoo wrrrwrrrr-wrrrr-wrrr-wrr-wrr-wrr-wi?” Co, E, Br, Bo 6
AMAZON BIRDS : BARTLETT’S TINAMOU : Crypturellus bartletti 23–24 cm (9–9 1 ⁄2 in)
Fairly common and widespread in eastern lowlands. Most common in seasonally flooded forest, less commonly found along streams in terra firme. Highly variable in color, even within a single
population; some birds relatively dull and brown, whereas others relatively bright tawny color.
Always barred on back and wing coverts. Cf. Variegated Tinamou.
VOICE Song, given most often at night, dawn, and dusk, an accelerating, rising series of pure, fairly flat whistles, occasionally changing pace and pitch more variably. Similar to Cinereous Tinamou but rarely maintains an even pace for long, and often pauses between bouts. At times introductory notes of song quaver and fall a little in pitch, reminiscent of Little Tinamou, but usually accelerate into typical song. E, Br, Bo
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DESCRIPTIONS TO AMAZON FIELD:
Access to Manu is strictly limited, and only authorized operators can take visitors into the core areas of the reserve. However, there are adjacent areas where one can see all the Manu Amazon Field bird species and the astounding variety of other wildlife in Amazon Field. Even here however, the area is so remote that it is really only possible to make this trip as part of a tour or if you are sponsored by a lodge or NGO working in the area.
A typical tour of Manu starts from Cusco and then crosses the last Andean range and drops down the east slope of the Andes into the lowland Amazon field forests, and terminates with a return flight to the capital Lima. On the first day, birders traditionally visit the wetlands of Huacarpay where a variety of Andean waterfowl and Amazon marsh field birds are abundant. Here the endemic and beautiful Bearded Mountaineer can be seen feeding on tree tobacco. The route then proceeds to the humid eastern Andean slopes where the high grasslands at Ajcanacu pass hold high altitude Tinamous, Canasteros, and Sierra finches.
This wildlife zone is one of the least ornithologically explored areas of Manu Amazon Field and we expect several new species to be recorded in the Manu Reserve in the near future. At this altitude of 3,500 masl, the stunted elfin tree-line forest holds several Tanagers, Flowerpiercers, and the restricted-range Puna Thistletail, which are found nowhere else in the reserve. Between 3,400-2,500 masl, the elfin forest shifts into upper elevation humid cloud forest habitat, characterized by tree-ferns and Chusquea bamboo stands. Amazon birds such as the Gray-breasted Mountain-toucan, Swallow-tailed Nightjar, Mountain Cacique, Barred Fruiteater, Marcapata Spinetail, and Collared Jay are typical. As one continues down the road through the unbroken humid forests to Amazon field, birders encounter distinctive and very noticeable ‘shifts’ in the structure of the bird communities for every 500 meters gained or lost in elevation.
The forests below 1,900 masl and in particular between 1,500-900 masl are the home of the national bird of Peru – the Andean Cock of the Rock. A visit to one of their leks (courtship sites) is one of the world’s great ornithological spectacles and Manu Amazon field has to be the easiest place to witness this spectacle. Cloud forests at this altitude are under much pressure in the rest of South America due to cutting for the cultivation of tea, coffee, and coca for the narcotics trade. In Manu Amazon field, the forest remains intact. Consequently, birds such as the Golden-headed and Crested Quetzal, Blue-banded toucanet, Versicolored Barbet, Chestnut-breasted Wren, Cerulean-capped Manakin, Slaty Gnateater, Peruvian Piedtail and scores of tanagers, ovenbirds, and tyrant-flycatchers are often seen. A morning of birding here can be a fantastic experience, as large mixed-species flocks containing several dozen species of Amazon birds move through the cloud forest, some sally-gleaning, some probing crevices, others climbing tree trunks or limbs. Leaving the Andes and foothills behind, birders soon reach the untouched forests of the western Manu Amazon field, with the highest density of birdlife per hectare of terrestrial habitat on earth. At this point, you must switch from sturdy overland vehicles to motorized dugouts. Here the Manu and Madre de Dios rivers are characterized by a meandering, slow-flowing watercourse with white sand and pebble beaches exposed during the dry season from June to October. These beaches provide valuable nesting habitats and are loaded with nesting and visiting birds. Unlike many other river systems in the Amazon, birds on the Manu River can breed unperturbed. Hundreds of Black Skimmers, Large-billed and Yellow-billed Terns, Orinoco Geese, Pied Lapwings, Collared Plovers and Sand-colored Nightjars nest along the Manu Amazon field. These beaches are also used by Jabiru and American Wood-storks, Roseate Spoonbills, a variety of Egrets and Herons. In late July and August, many migrating shorebirds from North America pass through on their way to points further south.
Due to the natural dynamics of both rivers, many oxbow lakes have been created and show significant variation in stages of development, from recently formed to very old, overgrown lakes with almost no water. These lakes are characterized by Amazon field birds such as Sungrebe, Sunbittern, Wattled Jacana, Muscovy Duck, Rufous-sided Crake, Pale-eyed Blackbird, Anhinga, Agami and Boat-billed Herons, Silvered Antbirds, Amazonian Streaked Antwrens, Red-capped Cardinals and the strange prehistoric-looking Hoatzin. The pristine lowland forests hold over 500 species alone and present some of the most tricky but exciting birding in the world. However, in these forests birders must be aware – sometimes it seems as if there are fewer birds than in a European woodland and often only strange calls betray their presence. This is where birders must be patient because soon enough a mixed flock will pass through containing an astonishing 70-plus species, or flocks of parrots or parakeets such as the a brightly coloured Rock Parakeets make a dash out of fruiting trees. A good ear is essential as many species are only located when their song or call note is recognized.
Many birds live only in the canopy of the forest and are difficult to see, others occur only in the middle and under-story, whilst some are strictly terrestrial. Many specialize in creeping up trees and probing for insects, and others sally out to catch flying insects or turn over leaf litter in search of arthropods or fallen seeds and fruits. Forest-falcons and other winged predators lurk in vine tangles, ready to snatch a small bird out of a mixed species flock. Large stands of woody Guaduabamboo hold some of the rarest and most sought after birds such as Rufous-headed Woodpecker, Manu Antbird, White-cheeked Tody-flycatcher, Peruvian Recurvebill, and Long-crested pygmy-tyrant. Recently-formed islands and river-edge habitats hold willow-dependent and other restricted-range species, such as Orange-headed Tanager, River Tyrannulet, and Rufous-fronted Antthrush. In some instances, when both canopy and mid-story mixed feeding flocks momentarily come together in such habitats up to 70 species of birds may be present at one time.